Writing on Ancient Pottery Shards Confirms Biblical Prophecy of Jeremiah

TEL AVIV, Israel — Scholars in Israel believe that ancient writing found on First Temple era pottery shards, confirms a historical period written by Jeremiah and confirmed in several key passages of the bible. The shards, believed to be 2,500 years old, are from the ancient city of Lachish.  Written on one piece of the broken pottery, was an ominous warning that corroborates the biblical narrative in Jeremiah, warning Judah of the impending destruction by the Babylonian army.


For the past 100 years, archaeologists have been unearthing potsherds in the Holy Land, some of which contain writing in Paleo-Hebrew, the language used in ancient Israel. The largest collection believed to be from the First Temple era was found in Samaria, dating back to 8 B.C.

In recent years, scholars have been studying text from photographs of the shards, also known as ostraca, from a collection of pieces found in Arad, near the Negev Desert. The Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs explained in 2000:

Over 100 ostraca inscribed in biblical Hebrew were found in the citadel of Arad. This is the largest and richest collection of inscriptions from the biblical period ever discovered in Israel.”

A number of the shards provided a glimpse into the lives of the Jewish people, including into government and military matters.

“Among the personal names are those of the priestly families Pashur and Meremoth, both mentioned in Jeremiah 20:1 and  Ezra 8:33.  Some of the letters were addressed to the commander of the citadel of Arad, Eliashiv ben Ashiyahu, and deal with the distribution of flour, wine and oil to the soldiers serving in the fortresses of the Negev,” the organization explained. “Also, in one of the letters, the ‘house of YHWH’ is mentioned.”


“Scholars suggest that the King of Arad mentioned in the Bible was in fact the ruler of the Kingdom of Arad, ‘the Negev of Arad’ (Judges 1:16), whose capital was another city,” it notes.

In an another article, historians explained that ostraca found in Lachish, the second largest Judahite town, are also believed to corroborate with the Scriptural account. The shards outline that a military official sends a message to his commander about the fall of a nearby kingdom, stating that “we can see the signals from Lachish, but we no longer see Azekah.”lachish-ostraca-IV

“Scholars have taken this as a confirmation of the biblical narrative of Jeremiah, which recounts that Azekah and Lachish were the last fortresses of Judah to fall before Jerusalem was besieged and destroyed by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II,” the publication explains.


God called the prophet/priest Jeremiah to warn Judah of its impending fall to the massive Babylonian army if the Jews under King Jehoiakim did not repent and turn back to God. Jerusalem fell to Babylon, but wasn’t destroyed and instead Judah was forced to pay tribute to the Babylonian empire.

However, ten years later when King Zedekiah, a Babylonian vassal, tried to throw off the Babylonian yoke it led to a second invasion that resulted in Jerusalem’s destruction and ransacking of the temple. Jeremiah again warned Judah that resistance was futile, but he was ignored and actually imprisoned.

The Scripture referenced is Jeremiah 34:7, which reads, “When the king of Babylon’s army fought against Jerusalem, and against all the cities of Judah that were left, against Lachish, and against Azekah: for these defensed cities remained of the cities of Judah.”

Other books of the Bible, such as Joshua, II Kings, II Chronicles, and Isaiah also cite the locations in discussing the land and the rulers that oversaw the nations.

“So Adoni-Zedek, king of Jerusalem, appealed to Hoham, king of Hebron; Piram, king of Jarmuth; Japhia, king of Lachish and Debir, king of Eglon,” Joshua 10:3 reads.

Some scholars, which date the find to the 7th century B.C., state they believe the writings demonstrate that the Kingdom of Judah was a sophisticated land with well-literate people.

But “[s]cholars debate whether biblical texts were first put in writing before the destruction of Jerusalem or after Judahite deportees returned from their exile in Babylon, in the Persian or even the later Hellenistic period,” Haaretz explains.

A team of mathematicians, physicists and archaeologists at Tel Aviv University continue to study the ostraca, as further information about the analysis will be forthcoming in a scientific journal.

In the Faithful Service of Jesus Christ, 

Lisa Muhar

Do you know where you will spend eternity?  You can know for sure, before you die,  1 John 5:13 says, “These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.” If you simply trust Jesus Christ died to pardon your sins and accept his free gift of salvation, the Bible declares that you will be saved! “For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” – Romans 10:13. If you are ready for this life saving step, call upon your savior TODAY! Learn more here.


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  • For thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof – Psalm 102:14 (KJV).
  • Prophecy: “…many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased” – Daniel 12:4 (KJV).
  • His underside is like sharp pieces of broken pottery, He stretches out like a threshing-sledge upon the mud. Job 41:30 (KJV).
  • The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand for ever – Isaiah 40:8 (KJV).
  • But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you – John 14:26 (KJV).
  • The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John: Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw. Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand – Revelation 1:1-3 (KJV).

He is Coming-Are You Ready Ministries focuses on preparing the elect for the events to come, and to wake up the lost –as God does not wish anyone to perish -2 Peter 3:9 (KJV). We vet, source and report daily headline news stories and reveal their relation to prophecy. We believe in the imminent return of Jesus Christ, we support and love Israel as God commands us, and we believe the BIBLE is the final authority on all matters of life


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