In the vast, white expanse of Antarctica, one glacier oozes a blood-red waterfall, hence the name of the city, Blood Falls. The glacier itself is named ‘Taylor Glacier’ after geologist Griffith Taylor. Taylor originally discovered the glacier in April 17, 2009.
The baffling question is how can there be water flowing from a glacier – in an extremely cold place like the Antarctica where water should be frozen? Scientists have submitted that the glacier sits above a salty lake that has been buried under ice sheets. The high level of salt prevents the water from freezing.
The dramatic blood like appearance is attributed to the high content of rich iron found below the glacier. Its chemistry is changed by bacteria, which transforms sulphur and iron compounds in order to survive.
Now, for the first time, scientists have taken uncontaminated samples from deep beneath the glacier in the hope of finding microbial life.
Scientists recently sent a probe into the ice of Taylor Glacier to extract salty samples of water from the main vein that feeds the red-stained feature.
When the liquid oxidises at the surface, it creates a blood-red colour. But to learn more about the bacteria, scientists needed samples that were oxidised.
The Midge (Minimally Invasive Direct Glacial Exploration) project, led by Professor Mikucki developed a unique probe, dubbed EnEx-IceMole.
It looks like a rectangular metal box with a copper head and ice screw that can melt through ice,
‘It can drive curved trajectories through bulk ice. It can go sideways, up and down. If you want to reach any point, you can go there,’ Dirk Heinen, a German physicist told The Antarctic Sun.
To help the probe navigate, scientists sent acoustic pulses from the surface into the ice.
This is similar to a GPS but uses different kinds of waves that use sound to track the position of the IceMole.
Cold-loving, fresh-water algae known as Chlamydomonas nivalis that contain a bright red pigment can cause snow to appear red
Snow appears white because it reflects most visible light that strikes it. Anything that does this means you see the whole spectrum of visible light, which looks white.
Other objects appear different colours because they absorb certain wavelengths of visible light but reflect others – a green apple, for instance, reflects only mostly the green wavelength.
‘As light waves travel into the snow or ice, the ice grains scatter a large amount of light,’ the NSIDC explains.
While most of the light is reflected, there is a very small tendency towards more red light being absorbed than blue.
When you see just the surface of a pack of snow, the scattering of the blue light is almost completely impossible to notice.
But if you look into a significant amount of snow, about 3.3ft (one metre) or so, more photons emerge towards the blue end of the spectrum than the red end.
When snow appears red, though, it is for an entirely different reason. This effect is due to cold-loving, fresh-water algae known as Chlamydomonas nivalis that contain a bright red pigment.
Also known as ‘watermelon snow’, it is ‘most common during the summertime in high alpine areas as well as along coastal polar regions’.
The team focused on locating the channel through which the brine moves from the reservoir to the surface at Blood Falls.
They also used seismometers to image the ice and bedrock below, and GPS units to track glacial movement.
The team are now in the process of analysing the samples.
‘It offers us a portal, or window, to the subglacial world … a sample of material from that ice-covered interior,’ said Professor Mikucki.
Scientists say the results could reveal how life could exist on moons like Saturn’s Enceladus and Jupiter’s Europa.
Both moons are believed to have liquid oceans beneath icy crusts.
The scientists sent a probe into the ice of Taylor Glacier to extract salty samples of water from the main vein that feeds the red-stained feature. The crevassed, rough, slick surface of Taylor Glacier makes it a challenging location for research.
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And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not- 2 Peter 2:2-3 (KJV).
While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage – 2 Peter 2:19 (KJV).
”..keep that which is avoiding profane and vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called: Which some professing have erred concerning the faith…” (1 Timothy 6:20-21 KJV).
The Doomsday Vault in the Antarctica
Hitler also had a base camp in Antarctica
Scriptures about Snow and Ice
He giveth snow like wool: he scattereth the hoarfrost like ashes – Psalms 147:16 (KJV)
Fire, and hail; snow, and vapour; stormy wind fulfilling his word -Psalms 148:8 (KJV).
“For as the rain and the snow come down from heaven, And do not return there without watering the earth, And making it bear and sprout, And furnishing seed to the sower and bread to the eater. -Isaiah 55:10 (KJV).
Which are blackish by reason of the ice, and wherein the snow is hid: What time they wax warm, they vanish: when it is hot, they are consumed out of their place – Job 6:16-17 (KJV).
Hast thou entered into the treasures of the snow? or hast thou seen the treasures of the hail, Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war? Who hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder;-Job 38:22-28 (KJV).
As the cold of snow in the time of harvest, so is a faithful messenger to them that send him: for he refresheth the soul of his masters -Proverbs 25:13 (KJV).