Evolutionary biologists have announced the recent discovery in France of a hybrid fern species they claim to be as exciting as discovering a manatee could produce offspring with an elephant or a human with a lemur.
The fern, Cystocarpium roskamianum, appears to be the product of two species of ferns that diverged from each other, according to evolutionary theory, and have not interbred since, the researchers reported in the journal The American Naturalist.
“It’s been long-known that plants can hybridize, and many plants appear designed to form hybrids,” he told me. “Many of our own cultivated garden plants are the result of hybridization.”
First, “it represents a problem for evolutionists because it shows there are things being discovered that fail to affirm the evolutionary paradigm,” Rana said. “You wouldn’t expect that hybridization to take place. It’s the work of a creator used to create a novel organism.”
Second, a species that can adapt to the environment and give rise to a sister species demonstrates God’s design in giving living things the ability to respond to changes in the environment. Rana compares this adaptability to the way a thermostat works, signaling the air conditioner to kick in when the room becomes too warm and the heat when the room becomes too cool. It is a feedback loop in which the thermostat responds to changes in the environment.
Evolutionary biologists assume all life arose from a common ancestor and different species diverged through the processes of natural selection and random adaptation. Once a new species evolves, they say, it gradually develops reproductive incompatibilities that prohibit it from reproducing with the “parent species” from which it diverged, creating the diversity of species.
“The formation of reproductive barriers between populations is of central importance to evolutionary biology,” the scientists said.
The researchers concluded the fern’s discovery implies the diversity of species that exists today may not be wholly accounted for by adaptation, but may also be the product of varied rates of the speciation clock, the rate at which a type of organism develops reproductive incompatibility with other related species. The speciation clock is calculated by fossil records and molecular clock techniques that look at genes and rates of change at the molecular level to deduce the time in history that two species diverged.
But molecular clock techniques are notoriously fraught with difficulties and make dubious assumptions, Luskin said. For example, some molecular clock studies have yielded widely divergent dates for the supposed most recent common ancestors of animals. Some of those calculations would absurdly place the common ancestor as having existed prior to the origin of the universe, Luskin noted in an Evolution News article. The errors exist because “mutation rates aren’t necessarily constant, researchers ignore the possibility of intelligent design, and common ancestry was a dubious assumption to begin with.”
And, biologists’ comparison of the new fern to a manatee mating with an elephant seems highly inappropriate, according to Luskin. While hybrids can occasionally occur between very closely related animal species, animal hybrids are exceedingly rare. Genetic differences between living organisms are often far greater than an evolutionary view would suggest.
“Maybe that’s because evolution isn’t what generated their history,” Luskin said.
For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse Romans 1:20 (KJV).
Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear – Hebrews 11:3 (KJV).
And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. -Genesis 1:29 (KJV).
Ye shall keep my statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind: thou shalt not sow thy field with mingled seed: neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woollen come upon thee -Leviticus 19:19 (KJV).
He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth; – Psalm 104:14 (KJV).
Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, that the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? there is no searching of his understanding -Isaiah 40:28 (KJV).
For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:And he is before all things, and by him all things consist – Colossians 1:16-17 (KJV).