Babylonia Unearthed: Hundreds of ‘Sex Cult Sites’ and Artifacts Discovered in Israel’s Negev Desert

Over 100 neolithic “cult sites” containing sexual carvings, graves and human-like figures, and dating back roughly 8,000 years, have been found in the Eilat Mountains in southern Israel.

The findings, which include a variety of phallic stone structures and artifacts, were found 12 kilometers from the resort city of Eilat, in an area previously thought to contain few prehistoric sites,

Uzi Avner, a desert archaeology expert at the Arava-Dead Sea Science Center who led the team that discovered the sites, said a preliminary interpretation of the objects suggests two symbolic aspects of the objects: fertility and death.

The research team says the density of the sites is phenomenal, taking into consideration the habitation patterns of Neolithic societies, as well as the rough topographical and environmental conditions in the area.


These sites are often clustered together. In one area the team discovered 44 cult sites in a spot encompassing only 0.8 square kilometers (less than 200 acres).

“Taking in[to] consideration the topography, environmental conditions and the small number of known Neolithic habitations in the general southern Negev, the density of cult sites in this region is phenomenal,” the team wrote in an article published recently in the Journal of the Israel Prehistoric Society 


The remains of a stone structure found at one of the cult sites are seen here. (Photo courtesy Uzi Avner)

In one, a humanlike stone carving was found buried with ‘only the very top visible on the surface.’ Other findings there include standing stones that reach up to 2.6 feet (80 centimeters) high, stone bowls and stone carvings that have a humanlike shape.

Fertility and death

Fertility is represented by “stones with elongated perforation (vulva-shape) and by the very combination of the elongated cell and the circle,” according to the research team, who recently published their findings in the Journal of the Israel Prehistoric Society.

Death is likely signified by the burial of stone objects, set upside down. Among the artifacts, a human-like figure was found nearly entirely buried, with only the top visible on the surface.

According to Avner and his team, similar sites were found in other regions in Israel and in Jordan, leading them to believe they represent a broad phenomenon that offers new insights into desert Neolithic societies and their spiritual culture.

“The combination of fertility and death symbols is typical of ancestral worship in traditional societies,” Avner told the Israeli news site Ynet Wednesday.

“According to ancestral worship, the deceased does not leave the family, but continues to live with them as a spirit – the departed are invited to feasts and celebrations, taking active part in communal life, even after death.”

Many examples of stones with holes cut into them were found at the site. Some of the holes are in the shape of the female vulva, suggesting these structures also symbolize fertility, the researchers said. (Photo Credit: courtesy Uzi Avner)

In addition to the penis-shaped structures, researchers also found that some of the stones have vulva-shaped holes cut into them. The circles that the penis-shaped structures point to also seem to represent females.

“The circle is a female symbol, and the elongated cell is a male one (phallus),” said Uzi Avner, a researcher with the Arava-Dead Sea Science Center and the Arava Institute.

Death is “signified by the burial of stone objects and by setting them upside down,” the team members wrote in their paper. In one case, a humanlike stone carving was found buried “with only the very top visible on the surface.”

The two symbols identified so far, fertility and death, go hand in hand in many cultures. “Combinations of both are actually well-known in anthropological studies as relating to ancestral cult,” the archaeologists wrote.

Humanlike stone carvings were also found at the 100 cult sites. They reach up to 46 centimeters (1.5 feet) in height. In one instance a carving was found buried within a circle, an act symbolically associated with death. (Photo Credit: courtesy Uzi Avner)

Harsh landscape

The 100 cult sites were found in a mountainous area that receives only 20 mm (0.79 inches) of rain per year, on average, the archaeologists said. “The climate of the 7th-6th millennia B.C. was a little moister than that of the present, 40%-20% more rainfall, but the desert was a desert,” said Avner in the email.

Archaeologist (Uri Avner photo).

The cult sites tended to be built in relatively flat sections of the mountains. “Their position on topographic ‘shoulders’ or comparatively flat locations probably enabled several dozens of people to gather around them, for example, an extended family,” the archaeologists wrote.

The sites also provide a good view. “Commonly, a broad view is seen from the sites, so possibly, the scenery was one element in the selection of their location,” the archaeologists added.

While the researchers discovered many cult sites, they found few domestic ones. “In contrast to the density of cult sites, only two small habitations and one small campsite were found on the ridge,” they wrote, noting that these three sites were all associated with the cult sites.

The authors speculate the arrangement of these stone installations suggests male and female human genitalia. (Uzi Avner photo) –

‘The fact that they are still visible today, thousands of years after being used, indicates that they were frequently visited, for short events, during a significant period of time and by many people.

‘Since many sites contain several installations (up to eleven) and numerous stone objects, support the view that at least some sites were not just temporary.

More cult sites to discover

Many more sites in the area remain to be surveyed and described in published papers, Avner said. A “survey of a larger area yielded to date 349 cult sites,” he said, adding that researchers are preparing these finds for publication.

The researchers further stated that the large amount of cult sites found suggest many more await discovery on the Negev, southern Jordan and Sinai mountains.

The very discovery of these sites, carry a modern day message….we read about these cults and evil abominations clear back in Genesis…

Just before the Israelites were to take possession of the land God promised to Abraham, we learn that “Canaan” was filled with such evil, that God ordered that the people in Canaan be expelled and killed.   

When the Lord thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou;And when the Lord thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, and utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them:Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son.For they will turn away thy son from following me, that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the Lord be kindled against you, and destroy thee suddenly.But thus shall ye deal with them; ye shall destroy their altars, and break down their images, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven images with fire. –Deuteronomy 7:1-5

Speak not thou in thine heart, after that the Lord thy God hath cast them out from before thee, saying, For my righteousness the Lord hath brought me in to possess this land: but for the wickedness of these nations the Lord doth drive them out from before thee.Not for thy righteousness, or for the uprightness of thine heart, dost thou go to possess their land: but for the wickedness of these nations the Lord thy God doth drive them out from before thee, and that he may perform the word which the Lord sware unto thy fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. –Deuteronomy 9:4-5

Ye shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which ye shall possess served their gods, upon the high mountains, and upon the hills, and under every green tree:And ye shall overthrow their altars, and break their pillars, and burn their groves with fire; and ye shall hew down the graven images of their gods, and destroy the names of them out of that place.Deuteronomy 12:2-3

While it seems harsh, we must also understand that before this decree came, God gave the people in the land of Canaan 400 years to repent….and they did not  

13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.15 And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age.16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full. -Genesis 15:13-16

What Abominations were so bad that God finally said, expel and kill these evil people:

When thou art come into the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations.10 There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch.11 Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.12 For all that do these things are an abomination unto the Lord: and because of these abominations the Lord thy God doth drive them out from before thee. Deuteronomy 18:9-12 (KJV). 

This is significant history for us to understand…because not only did the Israelites disobey the warning of God, they also failed to overtake the Canaanites, and instead the evil and darkness overtook the Israelites.  From there we read about the expulsion of the Jews, and their exile.  We also learn that these “cults” and evil practices continued, and exist even today.   Again, not without punishment, Paul tells us and reminds those who have ears to ear:

Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.  1 Corinthians 6:9-10

Indeed, God’s prevailing message from Genesis to Revelation, has and always will be, FOLLOW ME and COME OUT OF THE WORLD….

And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come outofher, my people, that ye be not partakers ofher sins, and that ye receive not ofher plagues.-Revelation 18:4


There is also an excellent article detailing the biblical accounts and cults from both an archaeological perspective, and how they have carried on in many religions. You can find that here.

In the Faithful Service of Jesus Christ,

-Lisa Muhar

Do you know where you will spend eternity?

I pray that everyone that reads this is saved and knows Jesus as their personal savior.  Remember, not one single day is promised to us. You can be saved and know JESUS today as your personal savior, by simply asking him into your heart! For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.- Romans 10:13 (KJV). God promised if you receive and trust in Jesus Christ -you are saved!  Notice it does not say, MIGHT, could be, would be, it says, “SHALL BE SAVED”!  If you are ready for this life saving step, call upon your savior TODAY! Learn more here.


  • And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not– 2 Peter 2:2-3 (KJV).
  • While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage – 2 Peter 2:19 (KJV).
  • “lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good, Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God; Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away” 2 Timothy 3:1-5 (KJV).
  • Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip.For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward;How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him;God also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak. -Hebrews 2:1-5

There is a lengthy biblical history of Negev (known in the bible as Neg’-eb (ha-neghebh, “the negeb” or simply, neghebh, from a root meaning “to be dry,”  “parched regions,”  “desert,” also nageb) Many events occured in this region:

  1. An early route from Israel to Egypt went through the Negev (Genesis 12:9, 13:1-3, 46:1-6).
  2. It was the territory of the Amalekites during the time of Abraham (Genesis 14:7).
  3. It was in the Negev desert, where God made his covenant of blood with Abraham and sealed it with circumcision
  4. Hagar and Ishmael were exiled out into the Negev by Sarah (Genesis 21:14).
  5. Both Isaac and Jacob lived for some time in the Negev (Genesis 24:62, 37:1).
  6. The Israelites wandered in the Negev during the Wilderness Journey after the Exodus (Numbers 14:44-45).
  7. At the Division Of The Land, the Negev was allotted to the tribes of Simeon (Joshua 19:1-9) and Judah (Joshua 15:20-31).
  8. David included the Negev in his kingdom, and when Solomon succeeded his father, he established fortresses in the area.
  9. After Judah Fell To The Babylonians under King Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C., Edom took over the Negev 

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